(source: CIA's World Factbook)
Singapore was founded as a British trading colony in 1819. It joined the Malaysian Federation in 1963, but separated two years later and became independent. It subsequently became one of the world's most prosperous countries with strong international trading links (its port is one of the world's busiest in terms of tonnage handled) and with per capita GD equal to that of the leading nations of Western Europe.
|Location:||Southeastern Asia, islands between Malaysia and Indonesia|
|Coordinates:||1 22 N, 103 48 E|
|Relative Size:||Slightly more than 3.5 times the size of Washington, DC|
|Climate:||Tropical; hot, humid, rainy; two distinct monsoon seasons - Northeastern monsoon from December to March and Southwestern monsoon from June to September; frequent afternoon and early evening thunderstorms|
|Terrain:||lowland; gently undulating central plateau contains water catchment area and nature preserve|
|Natural Resources:||Fish, deepwater ports|
|Land Use:||Arable land: 1.64%
Permanent crops: 0%
|Environmental Issues:||Industrial pollution; limited natural fresh water resources; limited land availability presents waste disposal problems; seasonal smoke/haze resulting from forest fires in Indonesia|
|My own environmental "issue"
Black Spitting Cobra
(Naja naja sputatrix) Venomous
"This is a highly irascible, nocturnal snake with the alarming habit of spitting venom at the eyes of its molester, often with an uncanny accuracy involving distances of up to 2 meters. The black spitting cobra grows to a length of about 1.5 meters and feeds on amphibians, reptiles, small mammals, and birds.
It sometimes strays into gardens and houses when searching for food. When encountered, the cobra should be left strictly alone. Its bite, if left untreated, can have fatal consequences in about 1 to 6 hours." :)
|Population:||4,425,720 (July 2005 est.)|
|Ethnic Groups:||Chinese 76.8%, Malay 13.9%, Indian 7.9%, other 1.4% (2000 census)|
|Religions:||Buddhist 42.5%, Muslim 14.9%, Taoist 8.5%, Hindu 4%, Catholic 4.8%, other Christian 9.8%, other 0.7%, none 14.8% (2000 census)|
|Languages:||Mandarin 35%, English 23%, Malay 14.1%, Hokkien 11.4%, Cantonese 5.7%, Teochew 4.9%, Tamil 3.2%, other Chinese dialects 1.8%, other 0.9% (2000 census)|
(age 15 and over can read and write)
|total population: 92.5%
female: 88.6% (2002)